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Annotated Checklist of Flutes, Fifes, and Piccolos by
New York City Makers and Dealers

Makers and Dealers

Baack, Edward: 1837-1871; 1838-1871
Badger, Alfred G.: 1867-1887; 1880-1892
Berhle, Gustav
Berteling, Theodore
Bruno, Charles
Christman, Charles G.
Cloos, George: 1862-1899; 1869-1913; 1872-1925
Firth & Hall
Firth, Hall, & Pond: 1833-1844; 1833-1847 (2 flutes)
Firth, Pond & Company
Geib, Adam
Hall & Son, William: 1847-1874; 1848-1849 (3 flutes)
Hoey, James
Jollie, Allen R.: 1832-1855 (2 flutes)
Meinell, William R.
New York Band Instrument Company
Penzel & Brother, Gustav L.
Penzel and Mueller
Penzel-Mueller
Penzel Müller & Company
Pond & Company, William A.
Rickers, John J.
Riley Sr., Edward
Rönnberg, William
Rogers, E. P.
W. W. M.
Zogbaum & Company, Ferdinand

Link to Checklist of Flutes and Fifes by New York State Makers

(Checklist below in chronological order)


Flute in C by Adam Geib, New York, ca. 1816-1827.

NMM 4833. Flute in C by Adam Geib, New York, ca. 1816-1827. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on head joint: [stamped upside down] GEIB / [stamped upright] GEIB / 23 / MAIDEN LANE / NEW • YORK; stamped on upper joint: GEIB / 23 / MAIDEN LANE / NEW YORK; stamped on heart piece: GEIB / NEW YORK. Boxwood with ivory end cap and ferrules. One brass key. Total length, 24" (608 mm). Higbee-Abbott-Zylstra Collection, 1989.


NMM 2783. Flute in C by Edward Riley Sr., New York, ca. 1819-1839. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on head joint and upper joint: E. RILEY / 29 CHATHAM ST / N-YORK; stamped on heart piece and foot joint: E. RILEY / N-YORK. Boxwood with ivory end cap and ferrules. Four brass keys. Total length, 23-1/2" (598 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 5508. Flute in D by Firth & Hall, New York, ca. 1821-1832. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on upper joint, heart piece, and foot joint: FIRTH & HALL / N. YORK; stamped on lower ferrule of head joint: PATENT. Blackwood with ivory head joint, blackwood tuning slide, and silver ferrules. Eight silver keys. Total length, 26" (660 mm). Ex coll.:  Gordon Kloke, Waukesha, Wisconsin. Board of Trustees, 1993.


NMM 2662. Flute in C by John J. Rickers, New York, ca. 1825-1828. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on head joint: I. I. RICKERS / 187 BROADWAY / NEW YORK; stamped on all joints: I. I. RICKERS; stamped on head joint under signature: * HAMILTON * / * BLYDENBURGH * / ** 1829 ** / * *. Boxwood with ivory end cap and ferrules. One brass key. Total length, 24" (610 mm). Hamilton Blydenburgh (1811-1885), the flute's original owner, lived in Smithtown on Long Island. Ex coll.:  Frederick Crane, Iowa City, Iowa. Board of Trustees, 1980.


NMM 2780. Flute in C by Allen R. Jollie, New York, ca. 1832-1855. Conical. Five sections. Stamped on head joint, upper joint, heart piece, and foot joint: A. R. JOLLIE / BROAD-WAY / NEW-YORK. African darkwood with ivory head joint and silver ferrules. Eight silver keys. Total length, 25-7/8" (657 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


Flute in C by Allen R. Jollie, New York, ca. 1832-1855

NMM 4836. Flute in C by Allen R. Jollie, New York, ca. 1832-1855. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on upper joint: A. R. JOLLIE / BROAD-WAY / NEW–YORK. Rosewood with ivory ferrules. One brass key. Total length, 23-7/8" (607 mm). Ex coll.: Kurt Stein, Media, Pennsylvania. Higbee-Abbott-Zylstra Collection, 1989.


NMM 3246. Flute in D by Firth, Hall, & Pond, New York, ca. 1833-1844. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on head joint: FIRTH HALL & POND / FRANKLIN SQE / N-YORK; stamped on upper joint, heart piece, and foot joint: FIRTH HALL & POND / N-YORK. Boxwood. Four silver keys. Total length, 24-1/4" (617 mm). Board of Trustees, 1983.


NMM 2723. Flute in D by Firth, Hall, & Pond, New York, ca. 1833-1847. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on upper joint: FIRTH HALL & POND / FRANKLIN SQR / N-YORK; stamped on head joint, heart piece, and foot joint: FIRTH HALL & POND / N-YORK. Boxwood with ivory ferrules. One brass key. Total length, 23-5/8" (600 mm). Given in memory of Glenn A. Kimball (1886-1986) by Margaret Downie Banks, Vermillion, 1980.


NMM 4560. Flute in D by Firth, Hall, & Pond, New York, ca. 1833-1847.

NMM 4560. Flute in D by Firth, Hall, & Pond, New York, ca. 1833-1847. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on upper joint: FIRTH HALL & POND / FRANKLIN SQE / N-YORK; stamped on head joint, heart piece, and foot joint: FIRTH HALL & POND / N-YORK. Cocus wood with ivory ferrules. Four nickel-silver keys. Total length, 24-3/8" (619 mm). Arne B. Larson Estate, 1989.


NMM 4008. Flute in F by William Rönnberg, New York, ca. 1835-1890. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on head joint and upper body: RÖNNBERG / N. YORK; stamped on heart piece: RÖNNBERG. Boxwood with ivory ferrules (end cap missing). Four brass keys. Total length, 19-5/8" (497 mm). Board of Trustees, 1986.


NMM 2735. Flute in C by Charles G. Christman, New York, ca. 1837-1854. Conical. Five sections. Stamped on head joint, upper joint, heart piece, and foot joint: C. G. CHRISTMAN / 404 / PEARL ST / NEW-YORK; stamped on tuning slide: PATENT / C. G. CHRISTMAN. Boxwood with ivory end cap and ferrules. Four silver keys. Total length, 24-3/8" (618 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 5354.  Fife in B-flat by James Hoey, New York, ca. 1837-1856.

NMM 5354. Fife in B-flat by James Hoey, New York, ca. 1837-1856. One piece. Conical. Stamped on body: HOEY / N. YORK. Rosewood, brass ferrules. Total length, 16-3/4" (425 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 5501. Composite flute in C with body and foot joint by Edward Baack, New York, ca. 1837-1871 and head joint made in Germany, ca. 1890-1910. Conical. Five sections (heart piece missing). Stamped on head joint: NACH / H. F. MEYER / HANNOVER / IMITATION; stamped on body and foot joint: E. BAACK / N-YORK. Rosewood with nickel-silver ferrules and end cap. Six keys (on existing sections only). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 2867. Fife in C by Edward Baack, New York, ca. 1838-1871. One piece. Conical. Stamped on body: E. BAACK / N-YORK. Boxwood with brass ferrules. Total length, 15" (381 mm). Gift of Margaret Downie Banks, Vermillion, South Dakota, 1981.


NMM 3524. Flute by Firth, Pond, & Company, New York, ca. 1847-1863. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on heart piece: FIRTH POND & CO. / FRANKLIN SQ. / N-YORK; stamped on head joint, upper joint, and foot joint: FIRTH POND & CO. / N-YORK. Boxwood with ivory ferrules. Four brass keys. Total length, 24" (610 mm). Gift of Alice B. Whitlow, Vermillion, 1984.


NMM 10472. Flute by William Hall & Son, New York, ca. 1847-1874

NMM 10472. Flute by William Hall & Son, New York, ca. 1847-1874. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on all joints: WILLIAM HALL & SON / N-YORK. Boxwood with ivory ferrules and end cap. Ine brass key. Total length, 23-3/4" (603 mm). Gift of James Boeringer, Silver Spring, Maryland, 2003.


NMM 2784. Flute in C by William Hall & Son, New York, ca. 1848-1849. Conical. Five sections. Stamped on upper joint: WILLIAM HALL & SON / 239 BROADWAY / N-YORK; stamped on head joint, tuning slide, heart piece, and foot joint: WILLIAM HALL & SON / N-YORK. Rosewood with silver ferrules. Eight silver keys. Total length, 26" (666 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 3076. Flute in C by William Hall & Son, New York, ca. 1848-1849. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on all joints: WILLIAM HALL & SON / 239 BROADWAY / N-YORK; stamped on upper joint under signature: GERMAN SILVER. Rosewood with bone ferrules. Four nickel-silver keys. Total length, 24" (609 mm). Gift of James D. Mackie, Seward, Nebraska, 1982.


NMM 4278. Flute in C by William Hall & Son, New York, ca. 1848-1849. Conical. Five sections. Stamped on upper joint: WILLIAM HALL & SON / 239 BROADWAY / N-YORK / GERMAN SILVER; stamped on head joint, tuning slide, heart piece, and foot joint: WILLIAM HALL & SON / N-YORK. Rosewood with ivory ferrules. Four nickel-silver keys. Total length, 23-3/4" (604 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 3142. Flute in C by Ferdinand Zogbaum & Company, New York, ca. 1854-1857. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on tuning slide and twice on body (at tenon and between E and F fingerholes): [bee] / F. ZOGBAUM / IN / NEW YORK / [F and Z monogram]. Rosewood with ivory head joint. Eight nickel-silver keys. Total length, 25-3/8" (644 mm). W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1982.


NMM 3508. Flute in C (low pitch) by George Cloos, New York, ca. 1862-1899. Serial no. 4863. Boehm system, closed hole, C foot. Three sections. Stamped on body: GEO. CLOOS / < [G and C monogram] > / 4863 / LP. Grenadilla with silver ferrules. Fourteen silver keys (three are missing). Total length, 27-1/4" (693 mm). Ex coll.: Elmer Disch Estate. Gift of Lillian M. Disch, Sioux City, Iowa, 1984.


NMM 2819. Flute in D by William A. Pond & Company, New York, ca. 1864. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on upper joint: Wm A. Pond & Co. / 547 BROADWAY / N-YORK; stamped on head joint, heart piece, and foot joint: Wm A. Pond & Co. / N-YORK. Boxwood. One brass key. Total length, 26-1/4" (667 mm). Gift of Arne B. Larson, Vermillion, 1981.


NMM 4276. Flute in C by Charles Bruno, New York, ca. 1864-1868. Conical. Four sections. Stamped on head joint and upper joint: C. BRUNO / N. YORK. Rosewood. Four nickel-silver keys. Total length, 23-1/2" (598 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 3233.  Flute by Alfred G. Badger, New York, ca. 1867-1887

NMM 3233. Flute by Alfred G. Badger, New York, ca. 1867-1887. Boehm system, closed hole, C foot. Three sections. Engraved on head joint: A. G. BADGER / -NEW YORK-; engraved on a gold plaque soldered onto body: Fred / Died / 9-4-87. Silver. Fifteen silver keys. Total length, 26-3/8" (670 mm). W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1983.

Lit.:  Stephanie Kocher, "Boehm's Very Good Idea," Flute Talk, Vol. 25, No. 5 (January 2006), p. 15.


NMM 3086. Piccolo in D-flat by George Cloos, New York, ca. 1869-1913. Serial no. 6838. Conical. Three sections. Stamped on head joint and body: GEO. CLOOS / < [C and G monogram] > / D; stamped by E-flat key: 6838. Grenadilla with nickel-silver end cap and ferrules. Thirteen nickel-silver keys. Total length, 12-1/4" (310 mm). W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1982.


NMM 4712. Piccolo in C by George Cloos, New York, ca. 1872-1925. Serial no. 9536. Conical. GThree sections. Stamped on head joint and body: GEO. CLOOS / < [G and C monogram] >; stamped by E-flat key: 9536. Grenadilla with nickel-silver end cap and ferrules. Six nickel-silver keys. Total length, 12-1/8" (304 mm). Arne B. Larson Estate, 1989.


NMM 4290. Flute in C by William R. Meinell, New York, ca. 1874-1903. Boehm system, closed hole, C foot. Three sections. Stamped on head joint: W. R. MEINELL / NEW YORK. Grenadilla with nickel-silver ferrules. Fifteen nickel-silver keys. Open G-sharp key. Total length, 26-7/8" (683 mm). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


NMM 4009. Piccolo in C by Theodore Berteling, New York, ca. 1875. Conical. Two sections. Stamped on head joint: BERTELING / NEW • YORK. Grenadilla covered with metal, end-cap missing. Six keys. Total length, 11-1/8" (283 mm). Board of Trustees, 1986.


NMM 4823. Rogers Duo Flute (combination D-flat flute / C flute / B-flat clarinet / A clarinet) with body and flute mechanism made by Alfred G. Badger, New York, ca. 1880-1892 and two head joints and clarinet mechanism added by Gustav Berhle, New York, ca. 1902. Boehm system. Three sections. Engraved on silver sleeve on both head joints: ROGERS DUO FLUTE / PAT. APR. 22-1902 / G. BEHRLE & CO. NEW YORK / MAKERS; engraved on gold plaque on both head joints: E. P. ROGERS; engraved on gold piece attached to one end cap (missing on the other head joint): E. P. R.; engraved on body at socket: A. G. BADGER / MAKER / N. Y. Complete key systems for both Boehm-system flute and clarinet. Head joints feature rotating cylinders to either expose flute embouchure hole or facilitate attachment of a clarinet mouthpiece. One head joint pitched for B-flat clarinet/D-flat flute; the other pitched for A clarinet/C flute. Sterling-silver. Ebonite head joints with sterling-silver sleeves and gold ferrules. Total length with A clarinet/C flute headjoint, 28" (710 mm); with B-flat clarinet/D-flat flute headjoint, 26-3/4" (680 mm). Ex coll.: Charles Ponte, New York City. Board of Trustees, 1989.

Lit.:  Mary Jean Simpson. Alfred G. Badger (1815-1892), Nineteenth-Century Flutemaker; His Art, Innovations, and Influence on Flute Construction, Performance and Composition, 1845-1895. D.M.A. dissertation. College Park: University of Maryland (1982), pp. 153-155.

Susan Marie Beagle Berdahl. The First Hundred Years of the Boehm Flute in the United States, 1845-1945: a Biographical Dictionary of American Boehm Flutemakers. Volume 2. Ph.D. dissertation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota (1985), pp. 281-284.

Deborah Check Reeves, "Historically Speaking," The Clarinet 31, No. 2 (March 2004), p. 28.

Margaret Downie Banks, "It's a Bird! It's a Plane! It's a Flute . . . Or is it a Clarinet? A Brooklynite Flute with a Dual Personality," National Music Museum Newsletter, Vol. 34, No. 3 (August 2007), pp. 4-5.


NMM 5210. Flute in D by Gustav L. Penzel & Brother, New York, ca. 1882-1904. Conical. Three sections. Stamped on upper joint: G. L. PENZEL / & BRO / NEW YORK •. Grenadilla with nickel-silver ferrules. Ten nickel-silver keys. Total length, 26-5/8" (676 mm). Gift of Abigail B. Homer, Needham Heights, Massachusetts, 1991.


NMM 4907. Flute in C by Gustav L. Penzel and Mueller, New York, ca. 1908-1914. Boehm system, closed hole, C foot. Three sections. Stamped on head joint and body: [eagle logo] / G. L. PENZEL / & MUELLER / NEW YORK. Grenadilla with nickel-silver ferrules. Sixteen nickel-silver keys. G trill key, B trill key, no B-flat lever. Total length, 26-7/8" (677 mm). Gift of Merle R. Gilb, Lebanon, Oregon, 1990.


NMM 4908. Piccolo in C by Penzel Müller & Company, New York, ca. 1920-1937. Conical. Two sections. Stamped on head joint: PENZEL / MÜLLER & CO / NEW YORK. Grenadilla with nickel-silver ferrules. Six nickel-silver keys. Total length, 11.5" (291 mm). Gift of Merle R. Gilb, Lebanon, Oregon, 1990.


NMM 3113. Fife in B-flat by W. W. M., U.S.A., ca. 1920-1950. Distributed by Penzel-Mueller, New York. Conical. One piece. Stamped above embouchure hole: [in cursive in a circle] wwm / MADE IN USA / B [flat sign] BAND; stamped under embouchure hole in two concentric circles: [inner circle] PM; [in outer circle] MEDALLION BRAND; [under circles] PENZEL-MUELLER / NEW YORK; stamped under last fingerhole: PAT. PENDING. Plastic, ivory colored. Total length, 15-1/2" (393 mm). W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1982.


NMM 3126. Piccolo in E-flat, Saxony, ca. 1940-1950. Distributed by New York Band Instrument Company, New York. Conical. Three sections. Stamped on head joint: NEW YORK BAND / NY / [in cartouche stamped over NY] TONE KING / INSTRUMENT CO.; stamped on tuning slide: E [flat sign]; stamped on tuning slide: MADE IN SAXONY. Grenadilla with nickel-silver ferrules. Six nickel-silver keys. Total length, 11-5/8" (296 mm). W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1982.

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