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Images from The Beede Gallery

Long-Necked Lute (Esraj), Northern India, ca. 1950

NMM 2404.  Long-necked lute (esraj), Northern India, ca. 1950 Front of esraj Left side view of esraj Right side view of esraj Back of esraj

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NMM 2404. Long-necked lute (esraj), northern India, ca. 1950. Used in the Bengal area of India. A bowed instrument combining attributes of a sarangi and a sitar. Played in a sitting position with the neck extending over the player’s shoulder. Used for vocal accompaniment or solo playing. Wood body with a parchment belly, nineteen movable frets, four principal strings (one for melody and three for drone), and fifteen sympathetic strings. Length: 91 cm. Length of bow: 59 cm. Board of Trustees, 1978.

Front, Back, and Bottom Views of Resonator

Front of resonator Back of resonator

Lower end

Front, Side, and Back Views of Pegbox

Front of pegbox Side of pegbox Back of pegbox

Views of Fretboard, Neck, Pegs, and Bridge

Fretboard Side view of frets and pegs Back of neck

Detail of frets and pegs

Neck Heel

Neck Heel

Literature:  Thomas E. Cross, Instruments of Burma, India, Nepal, Thailand and Tibet, The Shrine to Music Museum Catalog of the Collections, Vol. II, André P. Larson, editor (Vermillion: The Shrine to Music Museum, 1982), p. 12.

Thomas E. Cross, Instruments of Burma, India, Nepal, Thailand and Tibet, M.M. Thesis, University of South Dakota, May 1983, p. 24, plate IX.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum:  A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 29.

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