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Annotated Checklist of Musical Instruments From India
in the NMM's Study-Storage Collections

Types of Instruments


Bagpipes (Toy)
Bowed Strings: Sarangi
Bowed Strings: Sarinda
Cymbals
Double Reeds: Shawms (Nagaswaram)
Double Reeds: Shawms (Shanai)
Double Reeds: Shawms (Various)
Drums: Dholak
Drums: Hudukka
Drums: Kanjira
Drums: Pellet
Drums: Tabla (Bayan)
Drums: Tabla (Dayan)
Flutes: End-blown


Flutes: Transverse
Free Reeds
Horn: Narsiga
Plucked Strings: Sitar
Plucked Strings: Variable Tension
Plucked Strings: Long-Necked Lutes (Various)
Rattles: Clappers
Rattles: Various
Single Reeds: Pungi
Trumpets: Natural (Kombu)
Trumpets: Natural (Tori)
Trumpets: Natural (Rkang Gling)
Trumpets: Natural (Various)
Whistle

Instruments Made for the International Market

Bells and Cymbals
Harmonicas
Horns
Zithers: Taishogoto


Link to Checklist of Musical Instruments from India on Display at the NMM



Maps

Looking for a map? Link to the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin for an excellent collection of historic and current worldwide maps. Click here for their selection of maps of India.


Checklist

Bagpipes (Toy)

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NMM 2747, 9759, 9775. Set of three toy bagpipes, Patna, India, ca. 1975. Each with balloon wind chamber, bamboo mouthpipe, chanter and drone, two chanters with five finger holes, one with four. Previously exhibited at the World of Islam Festival, London, 1976. Ex coll.: World of Islam Trust. Board of Trustees, 1981.


Bowed Strings: Sarangi

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NMM 2947. Short-necked lute (sarangi) northern India, ca. 1940. Concert sarangi with four principal strings, seventeen sympathetic strings, bow. Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


Bowed Strings: Sarinda

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NMM 12560. Short-necked lute (sarinda, saroz), northern India, 20th century. Hand-carved, wooden body of integral construction, covered with snake skin (not original). Anthropozoomorphic figure on peg box. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12995. Short-necked lute (sarinda, saroz), western India or Pakistan, 20th century. Double-chested fiddle with heart-shaped body carved from a single block of darkly stained wood with deeply waisted sides; separated fingerboard; skin belly; three melody strings; seven sympathetic strings. Decorated with inlaid mirrors, silver leaf, and yarn tassels. Gift of Gerald Trimble, Kansas City, Kansas, 2006.


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NMM 4220. Short-necked lute (sarinda, saroz), northern India, before 1988. Deeply waisted body carved from single piece of wood. Parchment-covered lower belly, uncovered upper belly. Abstract bird-head pegbox. Four wire strings. Bow. Gift of Kathryn Gebhardt, Aberdeen, South Dakota, 1988.


Cymbals

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NMM 4351. Cymbals (tal), southern India, before 1942. Pair of bronze cymbals with cup-shaped boss. Each has central cord with multi-colored tassel of orange, yellow, green, and pink. Ex coll.: Rev. Emmons E. White, Manamadura, South India. Gift of Arne B. Larson, 1988.


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NMM 4215. Cymbals (marjira), western India, before 1988. Pair of bell-metal cymbals with cup-shaped boss; attached by thin, braided rope cord, knotted through center hole. Each cymbal etched with identical design of flowers and dragons. Gift of Mrs. Arvin Zinter, Aberdeen, South Dakota, 1988.


Double Reeds: Shawms (Nagaswaram)

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NMM 12159. Shawm (nagaswaram or nagasuram), southern India, 20th century. Rosewood body. Seven finger holes, five tuning holes. Aquatic-grass reed. Ivory pin hanging from black cord. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Double Reeds: Shawms (Shanai)

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NMM 5619. Shawm (shanai), Simran, northern India, ca. 1940. Rosewood body, brass bell. Seven finger holes. Grass reed (traditionally, pala grass). Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


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NMM 12713. Shawm (shanai), India, ca. 1975. Wood body with brass bell. Seven finger holes. Painted in gold on distal end of wood body: MADE IN INDIA. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Double Reeds: Shawms (Various)

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NMM 12714. Shawm, India, ca. 1960. Wood body with thin metal bell. Six finger holes. Mouthpiece receiver lined with metal. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Drums: Dholak

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NMM 12656. Barrel drum (dholak), northern India, ca. 1970. Double-headed, elongated, barrel drum. Wood body has multiple incised concentric rings. Skin heads each with hoop. Cotton rope tensioning is laced through holes in the skin head and around hoop. Metal rings for tuning. Loose material in the inside of the drum, most likely remnants of the dholak masala or tuning material of flour and iron paste applied to the inside of the drum head. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 13044. Drum (dholak), India, 20th century. Double-headed, elongated barrel drum with cotton- rope tension and metal tuning rings. Elias Burr Nyberg, Stow, Massachusetts, 2007.


Drums: Hudukka

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NMM 12313. Hourglass drum (hudukka), India, 20th century. Variable tension drum. Turned wooden body with two single-skin heads wrapped around hoops and held to drum by twine lacing gathered at the center by two loops of the same material. Painted with horizontal black, red, and yellow stripes. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 4758. Hourglass drum (hudukka), Bina, India, ca. 1950. Variable tension drum. Turned wooden body with two single-skin heads wrapped around hoops and held to drum by string lacing gathered at the center by two loops of the same string. Stamped in purple in on one drum head: BINA / MADE IN INDIA. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1988.


Drums: Kanjira

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NMM 13186. Drum (kanjira or khanjari), India, 20th century. Frame drum with skin head and six brass jingles. Tuned to various pitches by wetting the skin. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Drums: Pellet

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NMM 4061. Pellet drum, India, ca. 1950. Toy. Round wooden body with two skin heads. Straight wooden handle inserted into hole at bottom of body. Pellets attached to strings secured to body. Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


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NMM 3460. Pellet drum, India, before 1974. Toy. Round wooden body with two skin heads. Straight wooden handle inserted into hole at bottom of body. Pellets attached to strings secured to body. Decorated with abstract carvings. Gift of Margaret Downie Banks, Vermillion, 1984.


Drums: Tabla (Bayan)

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NMM 11644. Drum (tabla, bayan), northern India, 20th century. Single-headed, metal, kettle-shaped drum. Multiple-layered, animal skin head, hide tuning straps. Circular red cushion. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 11845. Drum (tabla, bayan), northern India, 20th century. Single-headed, metal, kettle-shaped drum. Multiple-layered, skin head with siyha ("black eye"), hide tuning straps. Shell decorated with bands of orange, green, white, and black paint; braided hide collar dyed pink. Circular cushion wrapped with red vinyl tape. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12841. Drum (tabla, bayan), northern India, 20th century. Single-headed, metal, kettle-shaped drum. Multiple-layered, skin head with siyha ("black eye"), hide tuning straps. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 13043. Drum (tabla, bayan), northern India 20th century. Single-headed, metal, kettle-shaped drum. Multiple-layered, skin head with siyha ("black eye"), hide tuning straps. Gift of Elias Burr Nyberg, Stow, Massachusetts, 2007.


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NMM 4058b. Drum (tabla, bayan), Bina Music Stores, northern India, ca. 1950. Single-headed, metal, kettle-shaped drum with chrome finish. Multiple-layered, skin head with hide tuning straps attached at base to hide hoop covered in blue felt. Black tuning paste on drum head. Ex coll.: Rev. Emmons E. White, Manamadura, South India. Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


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NMM 4211. Drum (tabla, bayan), northern India, before 1988. Single-headed, metal, kettle-shaped drum with chrome finish. Multiple-layered, skin head, leather tuning straps. Black tuning paste on drum head. Gift of Kathryn Gebhardt, Aberdeen, South Dakota, 1988.


Drums: Tabla (Dayan)

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NMM 11643. Drum (tabla, dayan), northern India, 20th century. Single-headed, conical drum carved from single piece of wood. Multiple-layered, skin head with hide straps. Eight spool-shaped, wooden tuning blocks placed between instrument body and lacing. Decorated with two incised bands painted green with red accents. Circular red cushion. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 11844. Drum (tabla, dayan), northern India, 20th century. Single-headed, conical drum carved from single piece of wood. Multiple-layered, skin head with hide straps. Eight spool-shaped, wooden tuning blocks placed between instrument body and lacing. Painted with bands of pink, green, red, and black. Circular cushion wrapped with red vinyl tape. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 4058a. Drum (tabla, dayan), Bina Music Stores, northern India, ca. 1950. Single-headed, conical drum carved from single piece of wood. Multiple-layered, skin head with hide straps. Eight spool-shaped, wooden tuning blocks placed between instrument body and lacing. Black tuning paste in center of head. Text on decal around instrument in two bands: BINA. Ex coll.: Rev. Emmons E. White, Manamadura, South India. Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


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NMM 10924. Drum (tabla, dayan), India, ca. 1979. Single-headed, conical drum carved from single piece of wood. Multiple-layered, skin head with hide straps. Eight spool-shaped, wooden tuning blocks placed between instrument body and lacing. Gift of Elias Burr Nyberg, Stow, Massachusetts, 2006.


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NMM 4875. Drum (tabla, dayan), northern India, before 1989. Single-headed, conical drum carved from single piece of wood. Multiple-layered, skin head with hide straps. Eight spool-shaped, wooden tuning blocks placed between instrument body and lacing. Rubber pad replaces traditional black tuning paste. Gift of Spencer Thury, Austin, Minnesota, 1989.


Flutes: End-blown

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NMM 12765. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, wood flute with five finger holes. Decorated with bands of black and tan paint. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12766. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, wood flute with five finger holes. Decorated with bands of black and tan paint. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12767. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, wood flute with five finger holes, painted black. Decorated with wire wrapping and four metallic paper bands in gold, green, and red. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12768. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes and metal bands wrapped around distal end. Text on round, green label located under voicing edge: MADE IN INDIA. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12769. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes. Red-stained band on distal end. Stamped in black ink under last finger hole: MADE IN INDIA. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12770. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes. Red-stained band on distal end. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12771. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, wood flute with six finger holes. Brass band on distal end. Text in black lettering on circular gold label under sounding edge: MADE / IN / INDIA. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12772. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes, painted black. Gold metallic paper band around distal end. Image of Krishna on large label under voicing edge. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12786. Flute, India, 20th century. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes. Metal bands wrapped around distal end. Tourist item. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 4755. Flute, Calcutta, India, ca. 1950-1970. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute, painted black, with six finger holes. Decorated with twisted metal wire and green-and-rose-colored metallic paper. Printed in gold on a red paper band: BENGAL FLUTE / CALCUTTA. Tourist item. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1988.


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NMM 3299. Flute, India, before 1983. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute, painted black, with five finger holes. Decorated with thin wire wrapping and metallic paper in gold, green, and rose. White paper sticker below fipple depicts image of Lord Krishna as a child. Tourist item. W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1983.


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NMM 3301. Flute, India, before 1983. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes and thumb hole. Interior painted black. Metallic gold-paper band around base. Tourist item. W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1983.


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NMM 3314. Flute, India, before 1983. One-piece, internal-duct, bamboo flute with six finger holes. Inside edges of finger holes and interior painted black. Tourist item. W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1983.


Flutes: Transverse

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NMM 11582. Flute (bansuri), India, after 1957. Body of cane, painted black. Six finger holes. Text on paper label: GUARANTEED / BEST QUALITY [around perimeter] / [inside circle] JAI-HIND [with an Indian flag]. Jai-hind translates: "Victory to India." Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 11689. Flute (venu, pullankullal) in A, southern India, ca. 2006. Eight finger holes burned into body. Previously owned and played by Sikkil Mala Chandrasekhar, south Indian flute master. Autographed in black ink by the donor: Music is Divine / Sikkil Mala Chandrasekhar. Donated by Chandrasekhar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, at a concert held during the joint meetings of the American Musical Instrument Society, Galpin Society, and Comité International des Musées et Collections d'Instruments de Musique (CIMCIM) at the NMM, May 2006.


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NMM 11690. Flute (venu, pullankullal) in C, southern India, ca. 2006. Eight finger holes burned into body. Previously owned and played by Sikkil Mala Chandrasekhar, south Indian flute master. Autographed in black ink by the donor: Music is Divine / Sikkil Mala Chandrasekhar. Gift of Chandrasekhar, May 2006.


Free Reeds

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NMM 4519. Drone box (sruti-box or surpeti) by H. B. Gore, Belgaum, Karnataka, India, ca. 1940. Hand-pumped, book-shaped, free-reed drone instrument. Four brass reeds. Label in English on one side and Hindi on the other. Used by Rev. Emmons E. White, Manamadura, South India, in his missionary work during W.W. II. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1988.


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NMM 12773. Chanter, India, ca. 1970. Turned wood body with slightly flared, integral bell; five finger holes; conical mouthpiece with single brass reed on reed plate. Carved with decorative floral designs in three sections. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Horn: Narsiga

NMM 7207. Serpentine horn (narsiga), Bihar, India, 19th century. Hammered brass and copper tubing with brass disk rattles. Decorated with two yellow and red stripes painted along seams; zigzag patterns in red and black; yellow scrolls; green leaves. Disk rattle at bell end features a raised zigzag-pattern painted yellow and black; disk’s edges painted red. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


Plucked Strings: Sitars

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NMM 11545. Long-necked lute (sitar), northern India, 20th century. Gourd resonator with wood body. Seven melody strings, eleven sympathetic strings. Bone bridges. Decorative plastic inlay. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12147. Long-necked lute (sitar), northern India, 20th century. Calabash gourd resonator with wood neck, soundboard, head, and lotus-leaf design. Seven strings (four melody, three drone); no sympathetic strings. Nineteen moveable frets. Plastic inlay with plastic nut, bridge, and knobs on tuners. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 14417. Long-necked lute (sitar), northern India, 20th century. Calabash gourd resonator with wood neck, soundboard, head, and lotus-leaf design. Seven melody strings, eleven sympathetic strings. Twenty movable metal frets. Bridge of wood and bone. White plastic edging with an engraved pattern of circles and diamonds. Large, plastic inlay with a black, engraved floral pattern covers neck and soundboard joint. Two inlaid, plastic stylized birds flank upper section of soundboard above bridge. Carved floral design on soundboard. Gift of Robert Klein, Mobridge, South Dakota, 2009.


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NMM 2946. Long-necked lute (sitar), New Delhi, India ca. 1950. Calabash gourd resonator with wood neck; second gourd resonator attached to neck. Seven melody strings, eleven sympathetic strings. Nineteen movable steel frets. Elaborately decorated with inlaid, incised ivory in intricate floral and bird motifs. Large carved peacock head at end of neck. Ivory nut, bridge, and fine tuner, all with carved-bird motif. Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.


Plucked Strings: Variable Tension

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NMM 4214. Variable-tension chordophone (gopiyantra, gopichand, yektar, or tuntuni), Bengal, India, before 1988. Two wood arms integral to peg box, fastened to a wood cup with parchment bottom. Metal wire runs vertically through bottom up to peg box. Gift of Kathryn Gebhardt, Aberdeen, South Dakota, 1988.


Plucked Strings: Long-Necked Lutes (Various)

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NMM 11546. Long-necked lute (tambura), India, 20th century. Wood body with plastic trim. Four metal strings. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12604. Long-necked lute (ektara), India, 20th century. Turned wooden resonator with vinyl belly. Single steel string; single, turned, wooden peg. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 2407. Long-necked lute, southern India, before 1978. Wood and gourd body; gourd resonator. Plastic decorative trim. Six strings: four brass and two steel, played with a slide. Board of Trustees, 1978.


Rattles: Clappers

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NMM 12846. Clapper (water-buffalo bell), India, 20th century. Carved wood rattle with two external wood clappers. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 4227. Vessel clapper (tong), India, before 1987. Toy. Trident-shaped, wood body with cup-shaped middle section decorated like a human face. When shaken, the head sways from side to side striking the other two sections. Gift of Kathryn Gebhardt, Aberdeen, South Dakota, 1988.


Rattles: Various

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NMM 12305. Ankle bells (ghunghroo), India, 20th century. Two sets of bells worn around dancer's ankles. Thirty-two crotal bells attached to black leather pad with red felt lining and yellow stitching. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 5101. Basket rattle, India, ca. 1988. Woven natural material stained red, orange, beige, blue, green, purple, and pink. Rattle consists of five individual baskets, each filled with small pebbles, the stems gathered into one handle. Probably a child’s toy. Gift of Frederick Crane, Iowa City, 1991.


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NMM 10919. Rattle (jhumra) Tamil Nadu, India, 20th century. Turned hardwood handle with four beads and coconut shell. Gift of Elias Burr Nyberg, Stow, Massachusetts, 2006.


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NMM 12634. Rattle (chimta), Kartar Music House, Delhi, India, 20th century. Tong-shaped, nickel-plated iron strip folded in half. Each half has eight pairs of brass jingles in groups of four (sixteen pairs in all). Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12842. Rattle (kartal), India, 20th century. Oblong wood body with curved ends. Eight metal jingles in four sets of two; two of which are located next to central hand hole. Decorative floral carving. Metal flashing tacked around ends of body. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Single Reeds: Pungi

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NMM 11614. Pungi (bin or nagbin), India, 20th century. Wood blow pipe, air chamber and pipes. Six finger holes on melody pipe. Painted with snake charmer motif. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12168. Pungi (bin or nagbin), India, 20th century. Bottle-gourd resonator; wood mouthpiece and two wood pipes. Varnished red and decorated with small sea shells pressed in wax between pipes. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 2748. Pungi (bin or nagbin), India, ca. 1950. Bottle-gourd resonator; two bamboo or cane pipes: one drone, one melody. Eight finger holes on melody pipe. Additional section of bamboo or cane affixed to drone pipe. Previously exhibited at the World of Islam Festival, London, 1976. . Ex coll.: World of Islam Festival Trust. Board of Trustees, 1981.


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NMM 9072. Remnants of a pungi, India, ca. 1975. Two bamboo or cane pipes; melody pipe has seven finger holes. Painted green and red. Previously exhibited at the World of Islam Festival, London, 1976. Ex coll.: World of Islam Festival Trust. Board of Trustees, 1981.


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NMM 3285. Pungi (bin or nagbin), India, before 1980. Turned wood resonator, resembling shape of a gourd; two wood pipes, one for melody and one drone; bamboo reeds. Eight finger holes and one thumb hole on melody pipe, three finger holes on drone. Decorated with bands of green, blue, pink, and red paint; black tassel with a decorative copper ball tied to pipes. W. Wayne Sorensen Collection, 1983.


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NMM 4212. Pungi (bin or nagbin), India, before 1988. Bottle-gourd resonator; two bamboo pipes: one melody, one drone. Seven finger holes on melody pipe; three tuning holes on drone pipe. Gift of Kathryn Gebhardt, Aberdeen, South Dakota, 1988.


Trumpets: Natural (Kombu)

NMM 7206. Semi-circular natural trumpet (kombu), southern India, 19th century. Cast brass in four sections with integral mouthpiece. Bell decorated with images of a trident; the Hindu god Hanuman; a lotus blossom; and a conch shell. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


NMM 7201. Semi-circular natural trumpet (kombu), southern India, 20th century. Copper tubing in four sections with painted red and yellow lines along seams. Bell painted with geometric and flame-like patterns in red, yellow, and black. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


Trumpets: Natural (Tori)

NMM 7179. Side-blown natural trumpet (tori), Madhya Pradesh, Bastar district, India, 19th century. Cast brass with tightly wound wire decoration. Bell adorned with tiny brass bells. Curved shape reminiscent of the cow horn, akum. Used by the ghotul, a socio-religious institution in Madhya Pradesh. Produced by the Ghasia, a Hindi community of metal-casters, using lost-wax technique. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


NMM 7203. Side-blown natural trumpet (tori), Madhya Pradesh, Bastar district, India, 19th century. Cast brass or bronze with peacock design in inner curve. Decorated with tightly wound wire and metal bells hanging from bell rim. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


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NMM 12224. Side blown natural trumpet (binnoor, tori), Madhya Pradesh, India, 20th century. Horn-shaped, cast-metal body with decorative ridges on sides of instrument imitating decorative wire wrappings found on older instruments like NMM 7179 and 7203 (above). Twenty crotal bells hang from integral eyelets spanning the length of the instrument. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Trumpets: Natural (Rkang Gling)

NMM 6914. Thighbone trumpet (rkang-gling), India, ca. 1900. Copper tubing with nickel-silver mouthpiece and decoration. Cast nickel-silver, stylized sea dragon (makara) head at bell. Made for Tibetan market. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


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NMM 12221. Thighbone trumpet (rkang-gling), India, 20th century. Copper-plated brass body with silver-colored ferrules with scalloped edges. Undecorated bell. Integral mouthpiece with wide flat rim. Engraved at bell end: INDIA. Made for Tibetan market. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12222. Thighbone trumpet (rkang-gling), India, 20th century. Slightly curved copper body with brass fittings. Highly decorative bell with stylized sea dragon (makara) embellished with nickel-silver, wire whiskers, and metal teeth; two auspicious symbols (fish) also part of bell decoration. Made for Tibetan market. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12223. Thighbone trumpet (rkang-gling), India, 20th century. Slightly curved copper body with brass fittings. Highly decorative bell with stylized sea dragon (makara) with brass embellishments including two wire whiskers, two protruding ears, teeth on bell opening, and tongue in bell. Bell tinted red, with darker tint on teeth and tongue. White label at mouthpiece: INDIA / No. 530. Made for Tibetan market. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Trumpets: Natural (Various)

NMM 7208. Natural trumpet (bankia), Rajasthan, India, 20th century. Brass tubing with copper mouthpiece and bows. Tube arrangement influenced by European trumpet, but deviates from it in bell shape. Painted red, yellow, and blue. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


NMM 7211. Telescoping natural trumpet (karna), Rajasthan, India, ca. 1900. Straight trumpet of hammered brass in three telescoping sections, with rattles in bosses. Bulb-shaped bell. Decorated with red and yellow paint on bosses; decorative lines on seams; and three flower branches on bell. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


Whistle

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NMM 10927. Whistle, Maddur, India, 2006. Toy made of turned wood in shape of a bear head. Honey colored with red band around aperture and black on ears and face. Made of all natural materials including the ink used for decorations. Gift of Natalie Swain, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales, 2006.


Instruments Made for the International Market

Bells and Cymbals

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NMM 3050, 3051, 3165, 4768-4798, 11781, 12710-12712, 12722-12725. Various brass bells and cymbals distributed by S. S. Sarna, India, ca. 1940-1970. Various shapes and sizes, many with decorative engraving and enamel. Made for the American market and popular with bell collectors. Gifts of Grace Beede, Capitola, California, 1982; Arne B. Larson Estate, 1988; Fordyce and Frances R. Fox Collection, 2006; and, Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Harmonicas

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NMM 7768, 7963, 7964, 8013, 8048, 8053, 5084, 8065, 8079, 9464, 9562, 9612, 9746. Harmonicas, India, 20th century. Variety of makers and designs made for Indian and international market. Alan G. Bates Collection, 2000.


Horns

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NMM 12215. Post horn, India, 20th century. Brass tubing in three sections with single ferrule. Integral brass mouthpiece. Spun bell soldered to tubing. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12216. Horn, India, 20th century. Tightly coiled brass tubing in three sections with integral mouthpiece. Large spun bell soldered to tubing. Label: MADE IN INDIA. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 12217. Horn, India, 20th century. Tightly coiled brass tubing in three sections with integral mouthpiece. Large spun bell soldered to tubing. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


Zithers: Taishogoto

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NMM 11990. Zither (taishogoto), India, 20th century. Seven strings: five melody and two drone, twenty-three keys. Softwood body painted black with decorative metal plates pinned to top around soundhole and at bridge position. Stamped in white paint on back: MADE IN INDIA. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.


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NMM 11991. Zither (taishogoto), India, 20th century. "Kasuga Harp." Five strings, eighteen keys. Wood body painted yellow; white plastic rosette around sound hole. Hinged cover and handle attached to body. Indian-language painting on instrument and in instruction book. Paul and Jean Christian Collection, 2006.

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