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Natural Trumpet in E-flat by Franz Stöhr, Prague, ca. 1825

NMM 7099. Natural trumpet in E-flat by Franz Stoehr, Prague, ca. 1825.

NMM 7099. Natural trumpet in E-flat with crook for D by Franz Stöhr, Prague, ca. 1825. Five-piece brass body; bell with overlapping tab seam. This trumpet, made in Prague during the Habsburg Empire, is closely modeled on older Nürnberg designs, but shows some simplifications, primarily in its decoration. Laborious engravings give way to the more efficient methods of stamping and impressing, lending this trumpet a restrained, yet elegant appearance. The larger bell diameter reveals a new trend towards the manufacture of louder instruments. Franz Stöhr was born in 1800 and died in Prague on May 15, 1876. By 1829, he built valves following the design of the horn player Joseph Kail in Prague and in 1840 he submitted his own valve patent. Joe F. and Joella R. Utley Collection, 1999.


Signature, Garland Decoration, and Bell Rim

Note: Click on any image below to see larger image

Maker's signature engraved on bell garland Maker's stamp on bell garland

Stamped on garland:  [Habsburg double eagle with crown] Franz Stöhr in Prag [Habsburg double eagle with crown]. Prague was under Austrian rule when this trumpet was made; therefore, it bears the Habsburg double eagle. The garland's upper edge is impressed with a repetitive pattern of indistinct shape. The bell rim resembles a Nürnberg rim, with a broad brass stripe impressed with a hatched pattern.


Ferrules, Ball, and Sleeve

Ferrule Ferrule Ball and sleeve

Left and center:  Brass ferrules of equal length, decorated with four engraved lines in six groups; the space between the groups is slightly curved.

Right:  Two-part, hammered, sheet-brass ball, slightly pointed in the center at the solder seam. The sleeve matches the decoration of the ferrules; it is engraved in three groups on either side of the ball, consisting of three lines each, while the area between the two outermost groups is slightly curved.


Accessories

Accessories:  D-crook of brass; silver mouthpiece, stamped WEBB.


Measurements

Tube length:  1929 mm; internal diameter receiver:  11.2 mm; internal diameter receiver minimum (at ca. 26):  10.8 mm; external diameter straight tubing:  11.7-11.8 mm; external diameter bows:  12 mm; bell diameter:  124 mm.

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