NMM 6820. Circular Cornet in B-flat by Ernst Ferdinand Glier, Cochecton, New York, ca. 1860
Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999
German-silver signature plate on bell, stamped:
MANUFACTURED / BY / E. GLIER / COCHECTON. N.Y.
Ernst Ferdinand Glier was trained by his father, Christian Ferdinand, who immigrated to upstate New York from Markneukirchen in 1856. This cornet reflects an American, rather than a German style, however, and features the flat Allen valve, a type of string-operated rotary valve. The completely circular body shape, occasionally found on mid-nineteenth-century American cornets, was achieved on this instrument by the use of a non-functional "dummy tube." Similar circular cornets were offered by E. G. Wright and Isaac Fiske.
Body: Brass with double-looped tubing: leadpipe; valve segment; main tuning slide; conical, coiled bellpipe; French rim.
Valves: Three top-action, string-operated rotary valves. Spiral-spring return mechanisms; reciprocal driver pivot with stopping buffers positioned inside the rotor. Internal slide tubing. Windway: first, second, third valve.
Click on image above to see a larger image of the flat Allen valves.
Accessories: German-silver cornet mouthpiece contemporary to instrument.
Sounding length: 1279 mm; internal diameter, leadpipe: 10.3 mm; bore diameter (inner valve slides) 10.9 mm; bell diameter: 106 mm.
Literature: Clint Spell, "Circular Cornet in B-flat by Ernst Ferdinand Glier (1827-1870), Cochecton, New York, ca. 1860" in "Historical Instrument Window," Sabine K. Klaus, editor, International Trumpet Guild Journal, Vol. 32, No. 2 (January 2008), p. 47.
Robert E. Eliason, "D. C. Hall and the Quinby Brothers, Boston Music Industry Leaders: Makers of Brass Instruments with Flat, Round, Square, and Piston Valves," Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society, 34 (2008), p. 92.
National Music Museum
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